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Approaches To Drawing

• Mechanical = assisted by a tool (e.g.: ruler/straight-edge, drafting compass, proportional dividers, triangle, stencils, tracing photos with tracing paper / projectors / light boxes / pinhole cameras / camera lucidas / etc.)
• Free-Hand = using only the hands and a drawing implement

• Observational (whether from Life or Photo Reference) = Sighting Lengths, Angles, Proportions
• Constructive = Building / "Sculpting" With Primitive Forms
Primitive Forms = Cube, Sphere, Cylinder, Cone, Rectangular Prism, Square Pyramid, Inclined Plane, Ring Torus

Both approaches require an understanding of Perspective. They can also be combined. For example, one can try to construct the image in a photo that they are observing by sculpting it with primitive forms within their imagination. [As an aside, one should always do this when encountering a photo reference. Do not get into the habit of copying without thinking.]

Aspects of Drawing

• Technique (Handling / Control Of Instrument)
• Method (Use Of Materials - e.g.: Pencils, Pens, Charcoal, Pastels, Acrylic Paint, Oil Paint, etc.)
• Theory (e.g.: Perspective, Shape & Form, Proportion, Light & Shade, Artistic Anatomy, Composition, Color Theory, etc.)

Training:
• Practicing Hand Skill → Condition Technique & Method Into Habit
• Practicing Eye Skill → Learn Theory & Observe
• Practicing Hand Skill + Eye Skill Together → Hand-Eye Cordination