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Art As Logic

• One can reason out the different effects possible with each medium (e.g.: the relation of nib shape and angle to the types of strokes that one can make).

• Because there is a connection between form and function, one can reason out the structure of things in order to depict them accurately ("I know this item has this part because it is used in this way; and further, I know that this part is this size relative to this item."). To give some examples: If drawing a car, a person has to fit inside of it, and there are certain parts that this device will have based upon what it is used for (such as a steering wheel to direct its motion). If drawing a baseball, it has to fit inside someone's hand. Generally, the size of one aspect in a scene determines the size of all others.

Direct Drawing

"Direct Drawing" is to draw a completed piece without a pre-sketch. This is often done in pen so that one cannot erase.


• Study by constantly breaking down complex forms into simplier ones. When drawing from memory, hold these shapes in your mind and imagine projecting them onto your paper. Instead of drawing these forms as guidelines, continually project them onto your paper in your imagination while filling them in with the details of the complex form.

• As you make marks be continuously mindful of layers (i.e.: the relation of objects in Foreground-Midground-Background) so that you can place them down in the proper order without erasure. Use what you already have to help guide what comes next.