BackReturn Home

List of Basic Harmonic Concepts

• Harmonic Interval
• Harmonization (e.g.: Secundal, Tertian, Quartal, Quintal, etc.)

• Triads (e.g.: Major, minor, diminished)
• Seventh Chords (e.g.: Major, minor, Dominant, half-diminished)
• Upper Extensions / "Tensions" (9, 11, 13)
• Add Chords

• Chord Function (e.g.: Tonic, Dominant, Subdominant/"Predominant")
• Chord Progression / "Chord Changes"
• Functional Progression
• Sequential Progression (Root Movement following different Intervals)

• Slash Chords
• Bass Line
• Pedal Point
• Line Clichés

• Position (Root and Inversions)
• Voicing (Open Harmony and Closed Harmony)
• Voice Leading
• Block Chords
• Broken Chords (e.g.: Ascending/Descending Arpeggios, Oom-Pa, Alberti Bass, etc.)

• Diatonic Harmony
• Chromatic Harmony
• Borrowed Chords
• Mode Mixture / Modal Interchange (Chords borrowed from a Parallel Key)
• Tonicization
• Modulation / Key Change
• Modulation Distance (Direct / Abrupt or Telegraphing)
• Pivot Chords
• Passing Chords (e.g.: Suspensions / Suspended Chords, Diminished Chords, Augmented Chords, Sixth Chords)

• Chord Substitution (switching out Chords with the same or similar Function)
• Secondary Dominants
• Chromatic Mediants
• Tritone Substitution

• Altered Chords (has a Chord Tone outside the Scale)
• Tone Clusters / "Cluster Chords" (three adjacent Notes in the Scale)

• Non-Functional Harmony
• Polychords
• Harmonic Parallelism / "Planing"

Rhythm Related:

• Harmonic Rhythm (Ictus and Anacrusis)

Melody Related:

• Chord-Scales