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List of Basic Melodic Concepts

• Pitch → Note (e.g.: A, B, C, etc.) and Register (e.g.: C2, C3, C4, etc.)

• Scale Degrees → Numbers (e.g.: 1, 2, 3, etc.; and Names (e.g.: Tonic, Supertonic, Mediant, etc.)

• Melodic Intervals
• Contour (Steps and Leaps)
• Tone Tendencies

• Tonal Music (as distinct from Modal)
• Key Center / Tonic
• Key Signature

• Relative Key (same Key Signature)
• Parallel Key (same Tonic)
• Mode (same Notes, different order)

• Diatonic (from inside the Scale)
• Chromatic (from outside the Scale)

• Texture (how many distinct Melodies)
• Monophonic (one Melody - incl. duplicates in Unison)
• Homophonic (one Melody with Harmonic Accompaniment)
• Polyphonic (multiple Melodies simultaneously)

• Counterpoint (methods for keeping multiple Melodies distinct)
• Contrapuntal Motion (three patterns in how Leading and Backing Melodies interact)
• Contrary Motion (Lead moves up and Backing moves down)
• Oblique Motion (Lead moves up and Backing stays)
• Similar Motion (both move in the same direction, but one by small Intervals and the other by large Intervals)

• Polytonal (e.g.: Bitonal)
• Atonal; Tone Row of 12-Tone Serialism

Rhythm Related:

• Phrasing (using both Notes and Rests)
• Ornaments (e.g.: Glissandos, Grace Notes, Trills, Mordents, Turns, etc.)

Harmony Related:

• Chord Tones
• Non-Chord Tones (e.g.: Upper Neighbor, Lower Neighbor, Double Neighbor, Passing Tone, Escape Tone)