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Eric Dollard's Foundations of Electrical Science

Eric Dollard is an electrical engineer. Long ago, he wrote many interesting articles for the Energetic Forum. Lamare, a user of that forum, was kind enough to make a backup of this information along with many useful resources. This page will be an attempt to distill some of that into a simplified form. None of this is necessarily endorsed by Eric; some of it is founded upon my own personal interpretations, which are given in [square brackets]. Please feel free to skim over their contents if they do not make sense...

Primary Metrical Dimensions

Time is symbolized by t and is measured in seconds
Space is symbolized by l and is measured in centimeters

Time is additive, linear:
Forward Time is t multiplied by +1
Reverse Time is t multiplied by -1

Space is multiplicative, exponential:

Counterspace Space
l-1 is span
space to the negative first power

Example: Along the side of the street, there is one utility pole every 150 feet. In other words, they have a span of one per 150 feet.
l+1 is distance
space to the positive first power

Example: It is a distance of 15 miles from here to the store.
l-2 is density
space to the negative second power

Example: The population density of coyotes on that land is one for every 50 acres.
l+2 is area
space to the positive second power

Example: There is a patch of land 1000 acres in size behind the store. In other words, the land has an area of 1000 acres.
l-3 is concentration
space to the negative third power

Example: The concentration of vitamin C in that orange juice is one daily requirement for every 8 oz. serving.
l+3 is volume
space to the positive third power

Example: The store only sells orange juice in containers with a half-gallon volume.

Important Note: Eric does NOT treat the terms "dimension" and "coordinate" as synonymous, as is often the case in modern mathematics. Time is a dimension, Space is a dimension, and we use how many ever coordinates that we need to describe a thing in relation to them.

In summary:

The Dimension of Time
The Dimension of Space
• Forward Time
• Reverse Time
• Space
• Counterspace

Important Note: There is a difference between the use of the word "Space" as a dimension, and "space" as an aspect of it (i.e.: l+1, l+2, and l+3).

Primary Substantial or Physical Dimensions

Important Note: In order to use the conception of the Aether that lead to all of our modern electrical technology, Eric goes back to the pioneering work, mainly...

• The original concepts of Michael Faraday, the theoretical foundation of it given by James Clerk Maxwell, and Oliver Heaviside's application of that theory

• The experimental work of William Crookes and J.J. Thomson

• The creations of Nikola Tesla and Charles Proteus Steinmetz's mathematical analysis of them

Please keep this in mind as we continue...

There is a primordial substance or "Aether". To avoid all of the debates about its consitution, Eric treats it as simply a unique phase of matter:

1. Solid
2. Liquid
3. Gas
4. Plasma
5. Aether

[Modern physics also considers a fifth state of matter referred to as a "Bose-Einstein Condensate" (such as "superfluid Helium"). It is related. However, the general constitution and dynamics of the Aether were established by Faraday, Maxwell, and their contemporaries long before any of this terminology was used. For example, in an article from 1904 entitled "A Chemical Conception of the Aether", Dmitri Mendeleev's treats it as a monoatomic or "inert" gas that comes before Hydrogen on the periodic table. These kinds of models of the Aether are very important, and should not be arbitrarily discarded. All of the above mentioned scientists proved their worth!]

The notion of an Aether is fundamental to Electrical Science. As Eric puts it:
Electricity is embodied in the aetheric state of matter, or "proto-matter". Electricity is aether in a state of dynamic polarization; magnetism is aether in motion, dielectricity is aether under stress or strain.
In other words, there is One fundamental thing, which gives rise to two distinct phenomena. This gives us our Primary Physical Dimensions:

Dielectricity is symbolized by the Greek letter Ψ ("psi") and is measured in Coulombs
Magnetism is symbolized by the Greek letter Φ ("phi") and is measured in Webers

Each of these has a distinct existence, fibrous structures that we will refer to as "tubes of force".

Dielectricity and Magnetism form an archetypal pair, a sort of Male and Female. Their union, or total Electrification, is symbolized by Q and is measured in Plancks.

We can represent this relationship by the equation:

Ψ × Φ = Q

We can think of crossing one tube of Dielectricity with one tube of Magnetism to form a Planck:

[A collection of both of these types of tubes is usually called an "electromagnetic field", or simply "electricity". The above equation is also similar to what is now known as a "Poynting vector", after the work of a scientist named John Henry Poynting. Eric calls the crossing point of both tubes a "Planck" after the work of Max Plack. Max formulated a "radiation law" which lead to the concept of a "photon" (what Eric refers to as "a quantum unit of electro-magnetic induction"). A "quantum" is just a discrete step, and Plancks can only change in quantities which are discrete steps.

*Important Note: Eric generally eschews many of the modern physics interpretations of these older experiements and the theories that arose from them. This is because they have a tendency to obscure important information, especially in the practice of electrical engineering. For example...

According to J.J. Thomson, the scientist who orginally discovered the "electron", an atom literally has thousands of "electrons" and each "electron" is the end of a single tube of Dielectricity. This is very different from the models of the atom that were formulated afterwards (such as the "Rutherford-Bohr Model"), which show atoms that contain a much smaller number of "electrons" (on the order of tens rather than thousands).

Likewise, the "Electron Theory" states that the electromagnetic field is generated by the movement of "electron" particles within the atoms of a "conductor", such as a copper wire. These "electron" particles have mass. However, Eric is pointing out that these fields are generated as the result of something happening to an Aether and the phenomenon of electricity is "mass-free". In other words, while having a distinct existence that we can interact with, electricity is not "material" in the usual sense of the word.

Not only does the "Electron Theory" affect the equations that are used to describe the situation (by introducing concepts like mass), it also leads to interpretations of how various electrical components function that can be misleading. For example, "capacitors" are devices which store Dielectricity. They are essentially a piece of glass sandwiched between two metal plates. In "Electron Theory", capacitors are treated as if "electrons" accumulate on the surface of these plates. But we can use a "dissectible capacitor" to show that Dielectricity is actually held within the glass itself! In other words, it goes towards "counterspace".]

The Four Primary Dimensions

We now have all four Primary Dimensions:

Time (t in seconds)
Space (l in centimeters)

Dielectricity (Ψ in Coulombs)
Magnetism (Φ in Webers)

Every other value that we get will be built up from these four!

We already saw how to get Electrification (Q in Plancks):

Ψ × Φ = Q

If we change the amount of Dielectricity or Magnetism there is within a given space over time, then we get two new values:

• Displacement Current symbolized by I and measured in Amperes
• Electro-motive Force (or EMF, for short) symbolized by E and measured in Volts

To put these relationships another way:


The first equation is called Maxwell's Law of Dielectric Induction.
The second equation is called Faraday's Law of Electromagnetic Induction.

[In Progress...]